Decoding the Face Negotiation Theory

Create a 2 pages page paper that discusses decoding the face negotiation theory. DECODING THE FACE NEGOTIATION THEORY The Face Negotiation Theory can be rather technical and It was introduced by Stella Ting-Toomey, a communications professor at California State University, aimed at improving communication for resolving conflicts. “Face” is a metaphor for public self-image. “Conflict” is “a form of intense interpersonal and intrapersonal dissonance,” between people with opposing goals, needs, and values (Beauvais, n.d.). To better understand the theory, let us apply it to the story of the Dalai Lama. The Dalai Lama is a holy personage in Tibet in Western China. As a two-year old child, he was chosen by Tibetan Buddhist monks, as the reincarnation of the departed 13th spiritual leader of their people called the Dalai Lama. At age 5, he was enthroned in 1940 as the 14th Dalai Lama, and he grew up in an atmosphere of monastic holiness and scholarship. Today, the Dalai Lama is a Doctor in Buddhist Philosophy, but he is also an exiled leader because in 1950, the People’s Liberation Army of Mao Zedong annexed the land of Tibet into the territory of Mainland China. While in exile in India, the Dalai Lama has vigorously pursued the liberation of his once-independent people. Through the years, Tibetans suffered more than 200,000 dead during the Great Leap Forward occupation of Tibet, 130,000 refugees in exile, 6,000 monasteries destroyed, apart from disappearances and detentions of Tibetan citizens and monks. But surprisingly after years in exile, the Dalai Lama in 2002 opened a dialogue with Beijing officials. He also relinquished the Tibetan goal of independence in favor of genuine autonomy, giving China the control of Tibetan defense and foreign policy. More recently, he expressed support to China’s entry in the United Nation, saying “the world community has a real responsibility to bring China into the mainstream” (Time, 2008). And he points out that the whole world, including the 6 million Tibetans in China, stands to gain from a peaceful and unified China. He stressed that that for Tibetans to think of the Chinese as enemies—and vice versa—is to say they will long be surrounded by enemies. Thus, he wants the idea of “enmities” out of his Middle Way Initiative. (Time, 2008). In Face Negotiation, there is a basic assumption, namely that the individual and the group are intertwined. And within this individual-and-group well-knit relationship, there are two cultures: One, the “me centered” or low-context culture. the Second, the ”other-oriented” high-context culture (Gallagher, 1997). For Ting Toomey, Americans belong to the “me-centered” low-context culture. and some Asians are of the “other-oriented” high-context culture. Thus Americans generally desire independence seeking basic rights of space, privacy, and freedom. On the other hand, Asians desire “inclusion” through respect, approval, appreciation by others. In this sense, the Dalai Lama seems to have crossed from the low-context culture to the high-context culture. He has preferred to dialogue, and not to fight his adversary. In life, the confrontational “me centered” low-context culture is combative and may no longer serve societies effectively, given globalization and a shrunken global environment. The Dalai Lama may have found a new inner face, and practices ingeniously the art of politics. And as the threat of terror bombings and wars face our millennium, we too may also need a different “face.” As the Dalai Lama succeeded in doing, we can cross cultures and become “other-oriented” to resolve not only human conflicts, but the more menacing crisis of the ecological decay of our dying planet. References Beauvais, D. ( n.d. ) A Research Report About Face-Negotiation Theory. Retrieved from http://oak.cats.ohiou.edu-db108494/Classes/InCo234/Face_Negotiation/index.html Gallagher, E. (1997) Stella Ting-Toomey’s Free Negotiation Theory. Retrieved from http://oak.cats.ohiou.edu-eg515298/face.htm Iyer, P. (2008) A Monks’ Struggle. Time. Pp. 34-39.

Myhomeworkwritings
Order NOW For A 10% Discount!
Pages (550 words)
Approximate price: -

Why Choose Us

Top Quality and Well-Researched Papers

We always make sure that writers follow all your instructions precisely. You can choose your academic level: high school, college/university or professional, and we will assign a writer who has a respective degree.

Professional and Experienced Academic Writers

We have a team of professional writers with experience in academic and business writing. Many are native speakers and able to perform any task for which you need help.

Free Unlimited Revisions

If you think we missed something, send your order for a free revision. You have 10 days to submit the order for review after you have received the final document. You can do this yourself after logging into your personal account or by contacting our support.

Prompt Delivery and 100% Money-Back-Guarantee

All papers are always delivered on time. In case we need more time to master your paper, we may contact you regarding the deadline extension. In case you cannot provide us with more time, a 100% refund is guaranteed.

Original & Confidential

We use several writing tools checks to ensure that all documents you receive are free from plagiarism. Our editors carefully review all quotations in the text. We also promise maximum confidentiality in all of our services.

Customer Support 24/7

Our support agents are available 24 hours a day 7 days a week and committed to providing you with the best customer experience. Get in touch whenever you need any assistance.

Try it now!

Calculate the price of your order

We'll send you the first draft for approval by at
Total price:
$0.00

How it works?

Follow these simple steps to get your paper done

Place your order

Fill in the order form and provide all details of your assignment.

Proceed with the payment

Choose the payment system that suits you most.

Receive the final file

Once your paper is ready, we will email it to you.

Our Services

No need to work on your paper at night. Sleep tight, we will cover your back. We offer all kinds of writing services.

Essays

Essay Writing Services

No matter what kind of academic paper you need and how urgent you need it, you are welcome to choose your academic level and the type of your paper at an affordable price. We take care of all your paper needs and give a 24/7 customer care support system.

Admissions

Admission and Business Papers

An admission essay is an essay or other written statement by a candidate, often a potential student enrolling in a college, university, or graduate school. You can be rest assurred that through our service we will write the best admission essay for you.

Editing

Editing and Proofreading

Our academic writers and editors make the necessary changes to your paper so that it is polished. We also format your document by correctly quoting the sources and creating reference lists in the formats APA, Harvard, MLA, Chicago / Turabian.

Coursework

Revision Support

If you think your paper could be improved, you can request a review. In this case, your paper will be checked by the writer or assigned to an editor. You can use this option as many times as you see fit. This is free because we want you to be completely satisfied with the service offered.

Open chat
Chat with us Live Here
Get in Touch with Our Live Chat Agents via WhatsApp on +1(346) 416-0954. Get Unlimited Access to Answers on Any Queries With Your Paper.