Determine which moral standard of social responsibility the business is observing. Genie’s company is considering building an annex to its main factory. While deciding on the project, the board of directors discusses the impact the the annex would have on the local community, shareholders, company profits, and nearby landowners. Profit-Maximizing Moral Standard Corporate Citizenship Moral Standard Indeterminable Moral Minimum Standard Stakeholder Theory Moral Standard Country A and Country B have had an informal trading arrangement for many years wherein merchants on the border of the countries may freely trade goods without the restriction of fees. Which of the following is true? Country A and Country B have no binding agreement under customary international law. More than one response is correct. The government of Country A may not arbitrarily begin to charge fees for items brought in from Country B. Country A and Country B have a binding agreement to this arrangement under customary international law. Country A and Country B have had an informal trading arrangement for many years wherein merchants on the border of the countries may freely trade goods without the restriction of fees. Which of the following is true? Country A and Country B have no binding agreement under customary international law. More than one response is correct. The government of Country A may not arbitrarily begin to charge fees for items brought in from Country B. Country A and Country B have a binding agreement to this arrangement under customary international law. Nation A is neighbors with Nation B. When an international crime lord who operates in both countries is captured by Nation A, it sentences him to a lifetime of heavy labor. Nation B wants to havDetermine which moral standard of social responsibility the business is observing. Vivian’s company is considering building a huge new department store in a small town. The community argues that the store will disrupt local commerce and harm local business owners. Vivian argues that the store will save money for customers and bring more jobs to the community. Assume both arguments are true. Corporate Citizenship Moral Standard Profit-Maximizing Moral Standard Moral Minimum Standard Indeterminable Stakeholder Theory Moral Standard Bookmark question for later Lula thinks that people who discipline their children by spanking should be sent to jail and says she would be glad to go to jail if she was caught spanking her child. Which philosophy of ethics is applicable? Utilitarianism Virtue Ethics Kantianism Social Justice Theorye the criminal executed, but it defers to Nation A’s judgment. Which principle of International Law is at play? Act of State Doctrine Sovereign Immunity Comity of Nations Determine which moral standard of social responsibility the business is observing. Earl’s company wants to change the material it uses for its products to a cheaper, less-durable material. Processing the material causes more waste and the final products will not be as safe for customers. Moral Minimum Standard Profit-Maximizing Moral Standard Indeterminable Corporate Citizenship Moral Standard Stakeholder Theory Moral Standard Bookmark question for later Nation A makes is illegal for its citizens to own more than one vehicle in order to reduce emissions. Nation A’s neighbor Nation B disagrees with the decision and refuses to enforce it in its own borders but refrains from contesting the decision in court. Which principle of International Law is at play? Act of State Doctrine Comity of Nations Sovereign Immunity Bookmark question for later Nation A builds a new highway next to citizens’ properties. In the months following, littering as well as several highway accidents result in damage to the properties. The property owners want to sue the government for damages, but are restrained by: Act of State Doctrine Sovereign Immunity Comity of Nations Determine which moral standard of social responsibility the business is observing. Meg’s company decided to build an additional factory in a small community. When the community started a protest because of the negative impact it feels a factory will have on the community, Meg’s company promises to prevent and pay for any negative impact to the community. It also offers to build a community park to balance out the negative impact the factory will have. Moral Minimum Standard Corporate Citizenship Moral Standard Profit-Maximizing Moral Standard Stakeholder Theory Moral Standard Indeterminable Radcliffe is a college business professor with little education but extensive experience in business. A treaty negotiating the free trade of educational opportunities was just passed between Canada and the U.S., and it includes a condition that all university professors must have at least a master’s degree in order to teach. Which of the following is true? The treaty is only enforceable if it doesn’t conflict with state law in Radcliffe’s state. Radcliffe may not be restricted from teaching if his university has no rule concerning the need for a master’s degree. Radcliffe no longer meets the qualifications to teach. Radcliffe may still teach as long as he only teaches in the U.S. Moira is ashamed to discover that her son stole an apple from the cafeteria and gave it to another student who had no lunch. She grounds him from watching TV as punishment. Which philosophy of ethics is applies here? Social Justice Theory Virtue Ethics Kantianism Utilitarianism asey is on trial under criminal allegations that she engaged in fraudulent behavior at the company she manages. She is worried when the plaintiff alleges that it has “unambiguous proof” that Casey is guilty. Which of the following is most likely true? Casey need not worry about the plaintiff’s evidence, since parties tend to boast about the level of proof they can establish anyway. The plaintiff will most likely prove Casey is guilty, since criminal charges only need to meet a prima facie burden of proof. If the plaintiff provides proof only up to the level of “clear and convincing,” Casey can still be acquitted. If the plaintiff does have unambiguous evidence that meets a “clear and convincing” burden of proof, Casey will most likely be found guilty. Which of the following situations would most likely receive a change of venue? A defendant in a case requests a change of venue because the location of the trial is inconveniently far away from the state where he lives. A woman wants a change of venue when it appears that all jurors to the case will be male. A local teacher is taken to court after a video of him beating his students goes viral. An employer who is accused of racially-discriminatory practices wants a change of venue when it finds out that the local venue judge is African-American. Which legal school of thought is illustrated in this dialogue? DONUT DAY AT THE OFFICE Part 8 (Just then Calvin, the fit CEO, comes jogging into the room with a water bottle in hand. He spots the donuts and shows his disgust.) Calvin: Why do people inflict such nasty, sugar-coated poison on all of us?! A healthy workplace is a happy workplace. (He takes both boxes of donuts, puts them in a small, dirty, battered trash can and steps on them to squash them down, making them suddenly inedible. He smiles at everyone as if they all agree that he has done them a great service.) That’s my job as CEO, to help everyone realize a long and happy life! Cheers! (He runs from the room as everyone looks on in stunned silence. After a couple of seconds Bob collapses on the floor next to the garbage can, looking at the destroyed donuts as if they were a long-lost love.) End Part 8 Legal realism school of thought. Sociological school of thought. Command school of thought. Law and economics school of thought. Which legal school of thought is illustrated in this dialogue? DONUT DAY AT THE OFFICE Part 5 Derek: We need someone we can trust who can divide up the donuts. One set of rules can’t always be applied here. If we had an impartial judge or two in the mix, someone who doesn’t like donuts perhaps, they could take into account all of the changing factors impacting our donut sphere and make up rules that will bring glazed-happiness to all who seek it. End Part 5 Critical legal studies school of thought. Irrational forces perspective. Legal realism school of thought. Sociological school of thought. Which legal theory is illustrated in this dialogue? DONUT DAY AT THE OFFICE Part 3 Joyce: We had a lawsuit filed about this after the pastry rumble of 2017 and there was . . . oh yeah, I remember there were some specific rules that are detailed out in 34 (b), section 4. Bob: Those stupid rules were made after Winfred face-planted in the donuts when he slipped trying to get past Alison. They don’t apply here. There wouldn’t even be donut rules if he’d paid attention to his own big feet. End Part 3 Critical legal studies school of thought. Historical perspective school of thought. Irrational forces perspective. Natural law school of thought. A law was recently passed in the city of Birmingdon that specifies a long list of restrictions on disposing of different kinds of waste material. The law is long, meticulous, and complicated, and many citizens do not understand all the points of the law or the purpose it is meant to fulfill. Citizens are commonly caught breaking the ordinance. Which law or principle of law which is most relevant to this situation? Equal Protection Laws First Amendment Procedural Due Process Substantive Due Process Which legal theory is illustrated in this dialogue? DONUT DAY AT THE OFFICE Part 3 Joyce: We had a lawsuit filed about this after the pastry rumble of 2017 and there was . . . oh yeah, I remember there were some specific rules that are detailed out in 34 (b), section 4. Bob: Those stupid rules were made after Winfred face-planted in the donuts when he slipped trying to get past Alison. They don’t apply here. There wouldn’t even be donut rules if he’d paid attention to his own big feet. End Part 3 Critical legal studies school of thought. Historical perspective school of thought. Irrational forces perspective. Natural law school of thought. Which jurisprudential school of thought relies the most upon precedent in establishing law? Irrational Forces Legal Realism Natural Law Historical Sociological A television producer/director receives the following script designed to celebrate National Donut Day. As she reads it, it brings to her mind some principles of jurisprudence she learned in her college business law class. Help her out: Which legal school of thought is illustrated in this dialogue? DONUT DAY AT THE OFFICE Part 1 (The scene is a lunchroom or break room. There are at least three round tables visible and perhaps a vending machine, microwave, or refrigerator in the background. Of the three tables, no one is sitting at the center table as the scene opens.) Karen: (She walks in carrying two big boxes of donuts and places them on the center table.) Allied Chemical just dropped these off to thank us for our work on the “Expressly Hair” project. Have fun. (She says unenthusiastically. She shows absolutely no interest in the donuts and quickly leaves. Everyone else, except Alison, immediately stands. Alison is still showing an interest in the goodies but not moving toward them. Joyce immediately positions herself between the donuts and Bob.) Bob: It’s a donut festival! Joyce: (She moves to block and slow him, as if checking him in basketball.) Just wait a second! We have to first establish the rules. Bob: Rules, in a donut festival? Joyce: Yes rules. Last time donuts like these were brought in, Winfred got a broken nose and, once again, Alison didn’t get any. We aren’t animals. If we don’t slow down, someone is going to accidentally eat the cardboard again. Bob: Oh, no. Here we go. Where’s the PowerPoint? Joyce: There are guidelines in the employee handbook that have been developed over many years that detail out exactly what is to be done with these kind of employee gifts. (She opens a thick binder.) Nearly any scenario you can imagine has been detailed out in section 34 (b), including pastries from chemical companies. Practices and procedures have been set and we would be smart to follow them. End Part 1 Historical perspective school of thought. Critical legal studies school of thought. Irrational forces perspective. Natural law school of thought. Charlie is summoned for jury duty. While still in the selection process, it is discovered that one of the parties to the case used to be an old friend and neighbor of Charlie’s. Which of the following would most likely happen? ederico is in a financial dispute. He is trying to collect money for services rendered, but the debtor does not want to pay the money owed to Federico. Which court that would most likely address this situation? U.S. Tax Court State Small Claims Court U.S. Bankruptcy Court Charlie would be excluded through preemptory challenge. Charlie would be preserved on the jury since he would have inside information about one of the parties. Charlie would be excluded for cause. Charlie can refuse to serve on the jury. Which legal school of thought is illustrated in this dialogue? DONUT DAY AT THE OFFICE Part 7 Alison: (She stands during David’s speech as if inspired but sits down once Bob starts talking.) Bob: Right. Power to the people David. Anyone else hungry? (He tries to slowly move to the donuts and Joyce continues to defend them like a point guard.) Lee: I have an idea that might address all of these issues. What if none of us have any of these donuts but instead we break up into teams and sell them to our coworkers for a profit? Instead of getting one or two donuts, we can stop on our way home and pick up a dozen of them each with our profits. In this case, we ignore the company stick-in-the-mud book regulations because, as you can see, we are obviously presented with some opportunities for a little economic development. Corporate rules here must bow to economic opportunity. If we let our rules block our prosperity, what kind of company will we become? End Part 7 Sociological school of thought. Legal realism school of thought. Law and economics school of thought. Command school of thought. delyn is in a financial dispute with her creditor. She wants to declare bankruptcy because she is finding herself unable to meet the requirements of paying off her debt. Which court that would most likely address this situation? U.S. Tax Court State Small Claims Court U.S. Bankruptcy Court After a tragic event in which an armed intruder storms into a mall and fatally shoots several people, the city of Belmonte institutes a law that prohibits any form of weapon in public retail establishments. This reaction would be an example of following which school of jurisprudential thought? Natural Law Irrational Forces Sociological Historical Legal Realism Annie is an observer to a legal dispute between two of the tenants in a building she manages. She has documented information relevant to the case but prefers not to get involved in the dispute. Which of the following is true? Annie can be required via subpoena to provide the information she has. Annie cannot provide any information since her position as a manager precludes her ability to be unbiased. Annie is required by Good Samaritan laws to put forth any information she has relevant to the case. Annie can refuse any attempt to involve her in the dispute between her tenants. A law which promotes the opportunity for foreign workers to obtain employment, housing, and medical care regardless of their citizenship status would likely fall under which school of jurisprudential thought?Which school of jurisprudential thought is most clearly exhibited in this scenario? Irrational Forces Historical Natural Law Sociological Legal Realism Which of the following situations would not substantiate proper standing to sue? Tyler wants to sue Kevin after Kevin harms Tyler’s sister in a car crash which leaves her sister in a coma. Aniesha wants to sue her neighbor Robert after seeing him engage in criminal animal cruelty. Calvin wants to sue his sister after finding out she has been taking cash from the cash register at the family business. TreesForDays, an environmental activist group, wants to sue a company dumping chemicals into a river in a different stat A new law is established in the town of Avery that promotes affirmative action employment for people trans-gender and homosexual individuals. This law would be in pursuance of the tenets of the __________ school of jurisprudential thought. Sociological Law and Economics Command Irrational Forces Legal Realism Clara is suing David because of a property dispute. Clara and David are from different states, so it is not readily clear which state has jurisdiction over this case. Which of the following is true? Jurisdiction can fall in whichever state has subject matter or personal jurisdiction, likely depending on which state Clara feels will give her a more favorable outcome for her case. Jurisdiction falls in David’s state of residence, since he is the one being summoned to court. Jurisdiction depends solely on where the property – the focus of the dispute – is located. Jurisdiction falls in Clara’s state of residence, since she is the plaintiff. The government of Sharonville is deep in debt, and consequently enacts a city ordinance that requires citizens to do volunteer work for the city once per week. Such and act would be in accordance with the __________ school of jurisprudential thought. Irrational Forces Sociological Legal Realism Law and Economics Command Dixonville has had fundamentally the same demographics, economic system, and social structure for decades. In recent years these factors have begun to shift, causing many to call for new legislation and legal practices. Shifting the legal structure of Dixonville in order to account for the changes that are occurring would be in accordance with the __________ school of jurisprudential thought. Natural Law Irrational Forces Legal Realism Sociological Historical Sally and Kirk are at odds over the details of a business contract. Neither of them wants to go to court, but they both refuse to make a compromise on the terms they expect from one another. Which of the following would most easily force them to a resolution? Legally-binding arbitration Negotiation Legally-binding mediation Non-binding arbitration Claudia feels strongly against a law that was recently passed in her hometown. She proceeds to write letters to the local newspaper criticizing the effect of the law. She also marches up and down the sidewalk in front of city hall loudly publicizing her contradictory point of view. Which law or principle of law which is most relevant to this situation? Procedural Due Process Substantive Due Process First Amendment Equal Protection Laws Which legal school of thought is illustrated in this dialogue? DONUT DAY AT THE OFFICE Part 6 Bob: Donut spheres? Glazed happiness? Anyone notice who is not eating donuts right now? Are we about to form a blue-ribbon commission here? David: Bob, don’t you see what’s happening. While we fight over which one of us gets the goodies, our coworkers, who are actually working by the way, are missing out on these delicious chemical donuts. Meanwhile our friend Alison will be left out of the mix as well as Winfred, who is again in the hospital. What about our custodial and shipping people who are relegated to the basement world? Once again, they will get no goodies, and they are the ones doing the actual work. They aren’t even allowed up here in our break room because we don’t want their greasy hands on our microwave. The only good reason for rules here is to protect the donut-less among us. Donut laws are not any good unless they address the glazed inequalities that would not otherwise even be considered. End Part 6 Command school of thought. Law and economics school of thought. Legal realism school of thought. Sociological school of thought. Which legal school of thought is illustrated in this dialogue? DONUT DAY AT THE OFFICE Part 2 Bob: Listen, donuts are made to bring joy into our lives and to wake up our glazed faculties. Just let them be distributed according to unchanging moral principles of justice. The donuts will distribute themselves according to natural principles. We just take what we want and the leftovers will be appreciated by those who enjoy them most. Don’t over complicate this. Where’s the chocolate milk? End Part 2 Natural law school of thought. Historical perspective school of thought. Irrational forces perspective. Critical legal studies school of thought. The federal government passes a law which a company, JuneCorp, feels unjustifiably discriminates against the company and harms its ability to operate. Which of the following statements is true? JuneCorp cannot contest the legality of the law, since the Equal Protection Clause applies to people rather than corporations. JuneCorp can contest the legality of the law if it passes all three scrutiny tests employed by the courts. JuneCorp can contest the legality of the law if there is no evident state interest which substantiates the enforcement of the law. JuneCorp cannot contest the legality of the law if there is anything but a financial impact on the company because of the law. An appeals court feels that a lower court has made an incorrect judgment concerning a civil law case. Which of the following would be the mostly reason to remand the case back to the lower court? The appellate court found a mistake of fact that occurred during the initial trial. The appellate court wants to see more evidence before it can make an informed decision. The appellate court wants the lower court to handle the case, since it is a civil rather than criminal case. The appellate court found a mistake of law that occurred during the initial trial.
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