Assessment 1 – Basics of Research and Statistics, Frequency Distr

Assessment 1 – Basics of Research and Statistics, Frequency Distributions, Percentiles, and Graphical Representations Complete the following problems within this Word document. Do not submit other files. Show your work for problem sets that require calculations. Ensure that your answer to each problem is clearly visible. You may want to highlight your answer or use a different type color to set it apart. Problem Set 1.1: Identifying Variables (Dependent, Independent, Quasi-Independent) Criterion: Identify dependent and independent variables. Instructions: For the following list of examples, identify the dependent variable and independent (or quasi-independent) variable.  1. A researcher tests whether cocaine use increases impulsive behavior in a sample of cocaine-dependent and cocaine-inexperienced mice.  Independent Variable: ________  Quasi-Independent Variable: ________ Dependent Variable: ________ 2. A professor tests whether students perform better on a multiple-choice or fill-in-the-blank test format.  Independent Variable: ________  Quasi-Independent Variable: ________ Dependent Variable: ________ 3. A researcher tests whether smoking by parents influences children’s attitudes toward smoking behavior.  Independent Variable: ________  Quasi-Independent Variable: ________ Dependent Variable: ________ 4. A social scientist tests whether attitudes toward morality differ based on political affiliation (Democrat or Republican). Independent Variable: ________  Quasi-Independent Variable: ________ Dependent Variable: ________ 5. A cultural researcher tests whether individuals from different cultures share or differ in the belief that dreams have meaning. Independent Variable: ________  Quasi-Independent Variable: ________ Dependent Variable: ________ Problem Set 1.2: Understanding Sample and Population Criterion: Describe the relationship between population and sample.  Instructions: Read the following and answer the question.  Height and educational attainment: Szklarska, Koziel, Bielicki, and Malina (2007) hypothesized that taller young men are more likely to move up the scale of educational attainment compared with shorter individuals from the same social background. They recruited 91,373 nineteen-year-old men to participate in the study.  Do these participants most likely represent a sample or population? Explain. __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Problem Set 1.3: SPSS Enter Data Criterion: Enter and display data in SPSS. Instructions: Use the supplied data to complete Steps 1–8. Data: Five social media users spent the following number of minutes viewing Twitter:  15.21, 46.18, 12.45, 65.486, 26.852. Steps: 1. Open SPSS. 2. Click New DataSet in the New Files area and then click Open. 3. Click the Variable View tab at the bottom. 4. In the cell under Name, type Minutes. 5. The variable of Minutes is continuous. In the Decimals column, type 2. 6. Click on the Data View tab at the bottom of the screen. 7. Enter data in the column labeled Minutes. 8. Take a screenshot of your data in SPSS and paste it below. Problem Set 1.4.a: Grouped or Ungrouped Criterion: Explain the identification of types of data.  Instruction: Fill in the table below. For each example, state whether it is grouped or ungrouped and why.       Example Grouped or Ungrouped Why   The time (in seconds) it takes 100   children to complete a cognitive skills game.   The number of single mothers with 1,   2, 3, or 4 children.   The number of teenagers who have   experimented with smoking (yes, no).   The age (in years) of freshman   students in a local college. Problem Set 1.4.b: Understanding Descriptive and Interferential Statistics Criterion: Explain the identification of types of data.  Instructions: Read the following and answer the question.  Gun ownership in the United States: Data from Gallup polls over a 40-year period show how gun ownership in the United States has changed. The results are described in the table below, with the percentage of Americans who own guns given in each of 5 decades:     Year %   1972 43   1982 42   1992 48   2002 40   2012 43 Source: Reported at http://www.gallup.com/poll/1645/Guns.aspx  1. Are the percentages reported here an example of descriptive statistics or interferential statistics? _____________________________________________________________ 2. Based on the percentages given in the table, how has gun ownership in the United States changed over the past 40 years? ______________________________________________________________________ Problem Set 1.5: Reading a Chart Criterion: Locate data on a chart.  Instructions: Read the following and answer the questions.      Participant Characteristics Count   Type Token   Sex   Women Men Unknown 24,541 23,617 479 878,261 751,188 927   Total 1,630,376 Do men or      women in this sample speak more words overall (Token Count)?      _______________ Do men or      women in this sample speak more different words (Type Count)?      _______________ Problem Set 1.6: Frequencies and Percents Criterion: Identify frequencies and percents. Instructions: State whether a cumulative frequency, relative frequency, relative percent, cumulative relative frequency, or cumulative percent is most appropriate for describing the following situations. For cumulative distributions, indicate whether these should be summarized from the top down or from the bottom up. Data:  1. The frequency of businesses with at least 20 employees: ____________ 2. The frequency of college students with less than a 3.0 GPA: ____________ 3. The percentage of women completing 1, 2, 3, or 4 tasks simultaneously: ____________ 4. The proportion of pregnancies performed in public or private hospitals: ____________ 5. The percentage of alcoholics with more than 2 years of substance abuse: ____________ Problem Set 1.7: Understanding Percentages Criterion: Identify distribution type and number of people. Instructions: Read the following and answer the questions.  Perceptions of same-sex marriage: In June 2016, a CBS News poll asked a sample of adults worldwide whether it should be legal or not legal for same-sex couples to marry (reported at http://www.pollingreport.com). The opinions of adults worldwide were as follows: 58%, legal; 33%, not legal; and 9%, unsure/no answer. 1. What type of distribution is this? __________________________ 2. Knowing that 1,280 adults were polled nationwide, how many Americans polled felt that same-sex couples should be allowed to legally marry? __________________________ Problem Set 1.8: Create an Ascending Frequency Table in SPSS Criterion: Create an ascending frequency table in SPSS. Instructions: Complete the following steps. Data: The number of clicks per hour in forty different tweets: 1, 0, 8, 5, 2, 1, 8, 2, 0, 2, 6, 8, 7, 2, 0, 2, 7, 4, 6, 9, 3, 2, 9, 6, 9, 7, 5, 8, 8, 8, 9, 6, 5, 4, 8, 4, 5, 8, 5, 7 1. Open SPSS. 2. Click New Dataset in the New Files area and then click Open. 3. Click on the Variable View tab. 4. In the cell under Name, type Clicks. 5. The variable of Clicks is discrete, so enter 0 in the Decimals column. 6. Click on the Data View tab at the bottom of the screen. 7. Enter all 40 numbers from from the dataset of number of clicks per hour in the column labeled Clicks. 8. In the Toolbar, click Analyze, select Descriptive Statistics, and then select Frequencies. 9. Select Clicks and then click Arrow to send it over to the right side of the table. 10. Click OK. Copy and paste the ascending values frequency table into the Word document. 11. Go back to Data View, click Analyze, select Descriptive Statistics, and then select Frequencies. Note: Your answers to this problem set should be two separate SPSS outputs. Save your Clicks data to use in the next two problems. Problem Set 1.9: Construct a Bar Graph in SPSS Criterion: Construct a bar graph in SPSS. Instructions: The Clicks data from Problem Set 1.10 is discrete. Complete the following steps to create a bar chart to examine the data: 1. Go back to your SPSS Statistics Data Editor where your Clicks data should be displayed. 2. In the Toolbar, click Graphs, select Legacy Dialogs, and then select Bar. 3. Click Simple, then select Define. Select Clicks and then click Arrow to send it over to the Category Axis box. 4. Click OK. Copy and paste the bar graph below. (Hint: You might need to use Copy Special and click the .jpeg option.) 5. Optional to answer: What is the shape of the distribution? Problem Set 1.10: Construct a Pie Chart in SPSS Criterion: Construct a pie chart in SPSS. Instructions: Complete the following steps to create a pie chart to examine the attendance data from Problem Set 1.10. 1. Go back to your SPSS Statistics Data Editor where your clicks data should be displayed. 2. Select Data View, click Graphs, select Legacy Dialogs, and then select Pie. 3. Click Summaries for groups of case and then select Define. Select Clicks and then click Arrow to send it over to the Define Slices By box.  4. Click OK. Copy and paste the pie graph below.

Myhomeworkwritings
Order NOW For A 10% Discount!
Pages (550 words)
Approximate price: -

Why Choose Us

Top Quality and Well-Researched Papers

We always make sure that writers follow all your instructions precisely. You can choose your academic level: high school, college/university or professional, and we will assign a writer who has a respective degree.

Professional and Experienced Academic Writers

We have a team of professional writers with experience in academic and business writing. Many are native speakers and able to perform any task for which you need help.

Free Unlimited Revisions

If you think we missed something, send your order for a free revision. You have 10 days to submit the order for review after you have received the final document. You can do this yourself after logging into your personal account or by contacting our support.

Prompt Delivery and 100% Money-Back-Guarantee

All papers are always delivered on time. In case we need more time to master your paper, we may contact you regarding the deadline extension. In case you cannot provide us with more time, a 100% refund is guaranteed.

Original & Confidential

We use several writing tools checks to ensure that all documents you receive are free from plagiarism. Our editors carefully review all quotations in the text. We also promise maximum confidentiality in all of our services.

Customer Support 24/7

Our support agents are available 24 hours a day 7 days a week and committed to providing you with the best customer experience. Get in touch whenever you need any assistance.

Try it now!

Calculate the price of your order

We'll send you the first draft for approval by at
Total price:
$0.00

How it works?

Follow these simple steps to get your paper done

Place your order

Fill in the order form and provide all details of your assignment.

Proceed with the payment

Choose the payment system that suits you most.

Receive the final file

Once your paper is ready, we will email it to you.

Our Services

No need to work on your paper at night. Sleep tight, we will cover your back. We offer all kinds of writing services.

Essays

Essay Writing Services

No matter what kind of academic paper you need and how urgent you need it, you are welcome to choose your academic level and the type of your paper at an affordable price. We take care of all your paper needs and give a 24/7 customer care support system.

Admissions

Admission and Business Papers

An admission essay is an essay or other written statement by a candidate, often a potential student enrolling in a college, university, or graduate school. You can be rest assurred that through our service we will write the best admission essay for you.

Editing

Editing and Proofreading

Our academic writers and editors make the necessary changes to your paper so that it is polished. We also format your document by correctly quoting the sources and creating reference lists in the formats APA, Harvard, MLA, Chicago / Turabian.

Coursework

Revision Support

If you think your paper could be improved, you can request a review. In this case, your paper will be checked by the writer or assigned to an editor. You can use this option as many times as you see fit. This is free because we want you to be completely satisfied with the service offered.